Helpful CBD Terms
Updated: Dec 31, 2019
Photo credit: Stephen Smith
Cannabis: Most people know the plant in categories of indica and sativa... but it goes deeper than that. There’s also a difference between Hemp and Marijuana which are close cousins under the parent of Cannabis (thanks Patagonia for putting this so eloquently). There is a lot confusion around Marijuana and Hemp plants, and how they differ. Effectively, they are from the same species of plant (Cannabaceae), but have different uses. Traditional Marijuana is high in THC and low in CBD, whereas Hemp is high in CBD and low in THC (below .03%)
Hemp: A form of cannabis which has been used for thousands of years, it has numerous applications such as: food, textiles, medicine, etc. Hemp is in the cannabis family of plants, and contains very low THC levels (below .3%). Hemp is a great commodity because it’s easy to grow, requires minimal water compared to many agricultural crops, and the entire plant can be used for many different applications.
Marijuana: Of the cannabis family, think of marijuana like the opposite of hemp in terms of psychoactive potency. Marijuana is high in THC and typically low in CBD (aka it will get you “high”).
Cannabinoid: A class of over 100 naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant- CBD and THC are two of the most common examples. Humans have endocannabinoid receptors in the body, and each of the cannabinoids interact with those receptors in different ways.
Phytocannabinoid: Same as cannabinoid, just the formal term for it. Phyto means “derived from plants”.
CBD (Cannabidiol): CBD is one of the 100+ cannabinoids found in cannabis. It’s been heavily researched for medical usage, but there is still a long way to go to fully understand its effects on the body. CBD is a term that has been wrongfully generalizing all products that contain CBD. True CBD would technically be an isolate, which is extracted from a hemp plant and isolated into just CBD. In this form, the product has been proven to be much less effective than a full spectrum extraction (like the Herb & Olive blend). At H&O our products contain a wide array of naturally occurring hemp cannabinoids- just the way nature intended it to be.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol Delta-9): Best known as THC. This the psychoactive component of the cannabis plant… which ones activated gets you “high”.
Extract: Using any version of the extraction methods listed below (CO2, ethanol, lipid extraction), extracts are a concentrated form of the cannabis plant. These are high potency products that can be diluted for consumption, or smoked.
Extraction: The process of concentrating cannabis into an extract, using one of the many extraction methods listed below (CO2, ethanol, lipid extraction).
CBD Extract: A concentrated form of CBD which is extracted from hemp plants. The extract is high in CBD and low in THC (must be less than .3% to be within the legal limit). There are many forms of extraction, which we’ll dive into further in the glossary. Some examples are: butane, ethanol, CO2 and lipid extraction. Not all CBD extracts are made equal. There are isolates, broad spectrum and full spectrum extracts, which all contain varied levels of potency, cannabinoids, and terpenes.
Spectrum: We’ve talked a lot about types of spectrums (full, broad, isolate) above. Spectrum is the general term for those. The type of spectrum is defined by the level of cannabinoids and t